We’ve learned that the relationship determines the resemblance: is it fair to expect a couple blue-eyed blondes have the same blonde kid with eyes of heavenly color. However, the nature of the known and far more intricate family ties. Quite often, ties of blood unite the species, do not resemble each other neither in outward appearance nor the way of life. Introducing animals that you would never have thought that they were siblings.
Already for anybody not a secret that whales and dolphins, although looks very similar to fish, are mammals. They breathe air, feed their young milk, and their tails are fused hind limbs. It is not surprising that scientists have searched for the ancestors of cetaceans among land animals. For a long time it was believed that their ancestors were mezonigie is curious of the extinct mammals that unites the signs of carnivores (eat meat) and ungulates (instead of feet had hooves). However, recently it was revealed that the closest relatives of whales and dolphins are hippos the representatives of the group of ungulates that includes pigs, camels, giraffes and deer. As shown by genetic analysis that whales and hippos there is a common ancestor that lived 50-60 million years ago. The degree rodstvenikam great that it was even proposed to create a common squad cytopathicity.
As you know, “born to crawl — can not fly”. But for nature there are no rules. Albatrosses and petrels — the true kings of the sky. Continue reading
Pathogen — neorickettsia (chlamydia), in their evolutionary development they are between bacteria and viruses.
The source of infection is often a sick bird — a virus carrier, releasing the microorganisms from nasal mucus, sneezing, coughing, with the dung. Infection occurs by airborne and alimentary, particles of dried droppings from sick birds, downs, slomannye the epithelium of the skin can get into the lungs, air sacks of birds and gastro-intestinal tract and there penetrating through the mucous membranes, causing the disease. A bird ill with psittacosis, usually for a long period of time remains a virus carrier.
Reservoir and source of infection for humans are domestic and wild birds. The largest epidemiological significance have Pets poultry (especially ducks and turkeys), room birds (parrots, wavy parrots, Canaries and other small songbirds) and especially urban pigeons and crows, the infestation of which ranges from 30-80%.
Ill persons who are constantly in contact with birds (poultry workers, meat processing plant, breeders of birds, etc.) the Ill person primarily middle-aged and older, children get sick much less often. Patients with psittacosis not a danger to others represent. In the human body, the pathogen enters mainly through the mucous membranes of the respiratory system. Infection occurs by inhalation of dust containing chlamydia (dried particles of bird faeces and discharge from the beak, contaminated particles down, etc.). Continue reading
The cat is now one of the most popular Pets. The so-called animal companion. Once thought that the domestic cat is a separate species. In fact, this predator, is a mammal of the cat family. Now familiar to all of us the cat is considered as a subspecies of forest cat. It was domesticated about 10 thousand years ago. According to some data, today, worldwide, there are about 600 million pet cats. They all belong to one of 256 species. This long-haired (Persian cat) and a fully bald (Sphynx). And all so different.
Cats grow all different. Relating to size. The smallest cat breed Singapore. An adult animal reaches 2 pounds of weight. By the way, they entered in the Guinness Book of records as the smallest. But for the title the barley house cat fighting two breeds. This is Asher and Maine Coon (Maine Coon cat). For a long time the Maine Coon held the palm. Mature males of this breed can weigh up to 10 pounds. And externally the animal looks like a lynx, he has the same ear tufts and tiger feet. There are similarities and Ocheretyany kit. However, unlike wild cousins, the Maine Coon is quite friendly. Continue reading