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Advice animals under one year veterinary clinic

This is the most common misconception owners. These statements inspire buyers of purebred animals breeders for the purpose of obtaining alimony puppies and kittens. It should be noted that if the animal and give birth to healthy, mating, at least, should be carried out through the chute, i.e. one to three times a year! Such a conclusion can be drawn from the fact that pregnancy lasts have allowed, on average, two months and lactation for two months, and, without waiting for its termination, some females are ready for fertilization! In this regularity we do in fact make regular cleansing of the uterus and may prevent its inflammation, but the whole body, of course, works on the wear. In nurseries, even in good conditions, miniature dog breeds and exotic cats rarely give birth on their own and infrequently there are animals older than three years.

“We need to make our boy’s girlfriend”

The female can give birth 1 to 3 times a year. Unleashed male must cover at least 1 time per month, and ideally once every two weeks, otherwise prostatitis and mental problems are inevitable. To achieve such regularity of mating, the male must be very valuable in genetic terms and a good result in show trials, to prove with the first litters that steadfastly conveys his qualities and is an improver of the breed, not only dagnone to be alternates – related close males.

“Sterilization – females, castration – males”

Under the castration refers to the removal of the ovaries in females and testes in males. The female is pure castration (removal of ovaries only) is not carried out. Operation is accomplished by removing not only the ovaries but also the uterus, thus preventing her disease, this is called ovariohysterectomy.

The pros and cons of spaying/neutering

The reasons for conducting such transactions, they are associated with health and behavior of animals and the control of reproduction. The term sterilization does not reflect the nature of the transaction and purpose, as sterilization, is an operation in which an animal keeps the sex glands and the whole reproductive apparatus, is stored libido and estrus, but pregnancy does not occur effect of mechanical obstruction of the connection of egg and sperm. Sterilization can be carried out both males and females, but due to a number of complications and does not address behavioral factors, is carried out only rarely or not performed at all.

Consider the positive aspects of the operations such as the removal of the ovaries and uterus and neutering males – removal of the testes.

Resolve the issue the birth of unwanted puppies/kittens.

Ovariohysterectomy, or the removal of the ovaries and uterus eliminates the possibility of the birth of the puppies and kittens that allows you to control the uncontrolled birth rate.

Neutering males may also achieve the same result, prevention of fertilization is not operated females.

Prevention of diseases of reproductive system of females and males.

If the female removed the uterus and ovaries, it completely eliminates the possibility of pathological changes of these organs. The fact that nature had provided regular the birth of the offspring, at least 1 time per year. At home this happens rarely, and “empty” the functioning of the genital organs contributes to the development of endometritis, pyometra, tumors of the uterus and ovaries, etc. in addition, in females, after the removal of ovaries decreases risk of breast cancer, although does not remove completely. For this, the most recommended time for sterilization, the age of first estrus. In young females this operation is more easy and well, with less risk of complications. However, this procedure can be performed at any time, even after the birth of several litters of puppies. In males after castration reduces the risk, and even improve existing diseases of genital organs, such as prostatitis, prostate adenoma and cancer.

Prevention of aggressive behavior

After castration the animals become calmer and friendlier. Spayed female does not have estrus and related behaviour change, male stops to look for females (to escape, to mark his territory). The animal will be more affectionate and, generally, to have stable behavior. Not neutered males are usually more aggressive toward others, especially during the rut. The reduction in the frequency of dog and cat conflicts will help to reduce injuries.


Males often urine mark their territory. More than 90% of neutered animals cease to aim for six months, after the procedure.

Prevent dominant behavior

Some dogs dominate their owners. Castration dominant dog will make her more obedient. However, surgery may not eliminate all issues that are not related to libido. In such cases it is recommended to consult a trainer.

The disadvantages of castration are:

– stress; – the need for postoperative wear blankets or protective collar for the preservation of seams; – the risk of General anesthesia (is recommended for a preoperative examination, General and biochemical blood analysis); – a sedentary lifestyle and weight gain ( You will be required to monitor the exercise and control the diet of the animal); – dribbling of urine in females after removal of the ovaries (usually occurs in large females, stopped by medication).

In Helpit has everything to sterilization, castration and ovariohysterectomy animals, we have the possibility of performing abdominal operations in females through mini-incision (up to one centimeter), with the imposition of cosmetic sutures that need not be removed.